The Lordsday.–
The Three Parts of Revelation.–
The Seven Angels.–
The Letters to the
Why Seven Churches? Their Character.–
Their Subsequent History.
The opening scenes of Revelation are of the most striking character. Though the apostle is confined upon a lonely rock of the sea and is far away from the saints assembled in the name of Christ, yet be is “in the spirit” upon the Lordsday.
This day, rendered sacred by the resurrection of the Savior, the day on which he appeared a second time, and upon which the wonderful scenes of Pentecost occurred, had been observed by the Church from its organization as a time set apart to congregational worship.
 John, though denied the privilege of joining in the exercises of a Christian assembly, evidently devoted the day to prayer and meditation, thereby setting an example for every lonely saint; and his soul [31] was lifted to a spiritual exaltation that peculiarly fitted him for communion with God.
While thus engaged, the silence and loneliness of Patmos were broken by the sound of a mighty voice which rang out loud and clear like the tones of a trumpet, saying:
I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and what thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.
John turned to see the speaker whose voice had startled him, and his eyes rested upon a vision of surpassing glory. Ile behold seven golden lamps, and among them walked one “like unto the Son of Man.”
He was not like the Son of Man as he had seen him when he walked in humility upon the earth with his divine glory vailed by the likeness which he had assumed to sinful flesh, but more like the transfigured Christ as he had appeared on the holy mount to his wondering disciples.
He was arrayed in a kingly robe and girt with a girdle of gold. Heavenly purity was indicated by the dazzling whiteness of his head and hair, and the splendor that shone from his countenance was like that of the unclouded sun. Every manifestation of the divine glory is accompanied with brilliancy and splendor. [32] “In him there is no darkness at all.
” The burning bush of Horeb, the glory of Sinai, the Shekinah of the tabernacle, the City of which God and the Lamb are the light, the transfigured Savior of Hermon, the Son of Man of Patmos, and all the visions of the prophets of both covenants, indicate that whenever Deity manifests itself, there is a revelation of heavenly splendor.
The Son of Man, the Man of Sorrows, the Lamb of God, is also the Bright and Morning Star, and the Sun of Righteousness. It is thus, crowned with majesty, garbed in light, and shining as the sun, that John beholds the Son of Man walking amid the golden candlesticks and holding the seven stars in his hands.
Though he had been familiar with the lowly Jesus is brother with brother, had leaned upon his bosom, and had seen the glory of the transfiguration; when he beheld the wonderful vision of Patmos, his heart sank within him and he fell to the earth as one whose life had fled; but when the hand that held the seven stars was laid upon him, it was with the same familiar tenderness that he had known in the bygone years in the earthly Christ.
Then the Lord declared the purpose of his coming, saying:
Fear not; I am the first and the last; I am he that liveth and was dead; and behold, I am alive forevermore, Amen; and I have [33] the keys of hell and death.
Write the things which, thou hast men; the things that are, and the things that shall be hereafter.
A careful study of the first chapter shows:
 1, That Revelation is a message of the Lord;
 2, It is made directly to the seven churches of Asia;
 3, It is written to the seven stars of the churches;
 4, The book records what John had seen, or the vision of the Son of Man on Patmos; the things that are, or the condition of the churches as unfolded by Christ, and the things that shall be, or a revelation of events yet concealed in the womb of the future;
5, The vision of the Savior walking among the golden candlesticks and holding the seven stars in his hand, teaches a lesson of trust in him. He is with his people always; always in the midst of the churches.
The letters written to the angels of the seven churches occupy the second and third chapters. I shall not consider these in detail, but there are, certain matters which pertain to all of them, that it is not proper to pass over.
I shall not take up space to discuss the various views as to the nature of the angels of the churches. It has been held that they were heavenly angels, were diocesan bishops of the cities, were pastors or elders, or were messengers sent from the churches to visit John in Patmos.
 The word [34] angel means a messenger, and is equally applicable to the messengers of God and those of men. John the Baptist is called in Mark 1:2, an angel, or messenger, and the term is often applied to human beings.
It is certain that it is in this passage. John is told to write to these angels, and certainly the letters were not sent to the angels of heaven. Nor does this language suggest the idea of messengers sent to visit John in Patmos.
In that case the letters might be sent by them to the churches, but would certainly not be written to them. It becomes evident, therefore, that the angels were men filling some office in connection with the churches.
There is not the slightest evidence that diocesan bishops existed in this age, and hence I do not think that they are meant. The term can hardly apply to an elder, for there seems to have been a plurality of elders in all the churches, and it is not likely that one would be singled out.
It is my judgment that the angels were the preachers or evangelists of the churches. As these evangelists not only labored at home, but were often sent out, and were messengers to carry the good tidings, there is a fitness in applying the term to them.
We know from the epistles of Paul and from church tradition, that Timothy was long the evangelist at Ephesus, and it is possible that he [35] may have lived and labored until the time of John’s banishment. If so, he was the angel to whom the epistle to the church at Ephesus was directed.
Then we conclude that the seven stars held in the hand of the Lord, supported and strengthened by him, shining with his light, are the seven preachers of the churches of Asia.
At the time when John wrote there were hundreds of churches in existence. On the Asiatic Continent many had been founded in Judea, Syria, and elsewhere, and in the district of which Ephesus was the commercial metropolis, and which was especially designated as Asia, we know that in the last quarter of the first century there were not only the seven churches named, but Colosse, Hierapolis, and perhaps many more.
Why then should the Lord direct his message to the seven churches alone?
If the reader will turn over the pages of Revelation he will be surprised by the frequency with which the number seven occurs. There are the Seven Spirits of God, the Seven Stars, the Seven Churches, the Seven Horns and Seven Eyes of the Lamb, Seven Trumpets, Seven Thunders, Seven Vials, etc., etc.
 It will help us to understand the reason for the use of seven in many instances to remember that it is [36] the perfect number and denotes perfection, or completeness.
 In several of the instances just given this is evidently its meaning, especially where it refers to the Spirit, or to the Lamb, and I suppose that seven churches are named fur a similar reason.
This complete number would make them fitting representatives of the entire Church, and those selected probably represent every condition that ever prevails among churches that have not apostatized from the faith.
There is first, the metropolitan church of Ephesus, where some had departed from their first love and zeal for Christ, and which is commanded to repent under the penalty of the removal of its candlestick.
There is second, the persecuted church of Smyrna, whose members would be cast into prison and endure tribulation, and where a little later Polycarp was burned alive. There is third, the martyr church of Pergamos, persecuted by heathenism, where most had held fast to the name of Christ, but where some had fallen into the worldly sins of Balaam.
Next comes the church of Thyatira, seduced by false teachings and induced to compromise with sin. In the fifth place, there is the spiritually dead church of Sardis, which is called to repentance.
 Sixth comes the tried church of Philadelphia, which had not denied the Lord’s name; and lastly, the lukewarm [37] church of Laodicea, which he threatens to spew out of his mouth. In addressing these seven churches the Lord addresses the Church universal in every phase of its existence.
The plan of the seven letters to these churches is in each instance the same. In each we find,
1. An order to write to the angel of the church.
2. A glorious title of the Lord.
3. An address to the church which describes its condition and gives it an admonition to perseverance or repentance, as its state demands.
4. An announcement of what will come to pass.
5. A promise to him that overcometh.
 6. A closing injunction: “He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.”
It will interest many to learn the subsequent history and fate of the seven churches thus singled out to represent the entire body. I will indicate briefly.
 1. The church at Ephesus was founded by Paul (Acts, XVIII. and XIX.); enjoyed the labors of Aquila and Priscilla, of Apollos and of Timothy; had at one time the presence of the great apostle for three years and a half, and finally enjoyed the presence of John.
The seat of government for the province of Asia, and the commercial metropolis of Asia Minor, the strong church established in this great center received an unusual share of [38] attention, and was honored with two epistles, one from the apostle of Christ, and the other directly from the Lord.
 During the half century of its existence, which had passed when John wrote, it had fallen from its first love and was threatened with extinction.
 It continued to have a visible existence until the Mahometan torrent swept over Asia Minor about six hundred years after John wrote. When the light appears after a century of darkness, confusion, and carnage, the church at Ephesus has passed away, and the city is in ruins.
 In our generation explorers are excavating the ruinous masses to discover the remains of the great ancient city.
2. Smyrna appears first in sacred writ in this connection, and we know nothing of the previous history of the church. The letter to it speaks only words of praise. The city of Smyrna still exists as the most flourishing port of Turkey in Asia, and has a numerous Christian population.
 On account of the large proportion of Christians in its population it is regarded by strict Moslems as unclean, and is called “Infidel Smyrna.” It is at this date the chief center of missionary operations in the East.
3. The city of Pergamos stood about twenty miles from the sea, and was once capital of a kingdom by the same name. It still exists, is called Bergamos, and has a population [39] of about 14,000, of whom 3,300 are nominally Christians.
4. Thyatira is named first in Acts, chapter XVI. It is probable that Lydia and her household formed the nucleus of the church. The name is not mentioned again until it appears in Revelation. The city was situated near Pergamos, still exists under a new name, and contains about a thousand houses.
The church was rebuked in the letter of the Lord, for falling under the influence of a woman whose likeness to the idolatrous Queen of Ahab gives her the name of Jezebel. There has always been a professed Christian population.
5. Sardis was the capital of the great ancient kingdom of Lydia, which was overthrown by the Persian Cyrus. It was the residence of the rich King Croesus, whose name has passed into a proverb. Of the history of the church we know nothing; but we do know on the testimony of Jesus, that it “had a name to live and was dead.”
 The ravages of the Saracens and Turks, and the shocks of earthquakes have converted the ancient city into a ruin, with only crumbled walls to tell of its ancient glory.
 6. Philadelphia stood about twenty miles from Sardis and was the second city in importance in the province of Lydia. It is first mentioned in Revelation, and the praises bestowed upon the church show that it was worthy of a city of [40] Brotherly Love. Though the old name has been laid aside by the Turks, the city still has three thousand houses and a Christian population. There are said to be five churches in the place, and it is the seat of a Greek bishop.
7. Laodicea is last named. The city was situated about twenty miles from Ephesus, and near Colosse. The church was honored with an epistle from the apostle Paul. See Col. 4:17.
Still, it had fallen into the besetting sin of churches and had become lukewarm. This sin is rebuked in the severest language, and the consequences are indicated by a most vigorous figure. The ancient city and church have passed away, and the ruins are entirely deserted. It has been spewed out of the mouth of the Lord.
I have now briefly outlined the introduction and the letters to the seven churches.
This carries us over the first and second parts of the Revelation, or the things John “had seen, and the things that are.” The third part, which is strictly prophetic and begins with chapter IV., will be entered upon next in order. [41]
[VOTA 31-41]

The Seventy Week Prophecy

The Seventy Week Prophecy

The section which follows is a chapter from Fred P Miller’s book, Revelation: a Panorama of the Gospel Age
9:1 In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans;

There are good reasons to conclude that this Darius is the same person under whom the Temple was rebuilt and rededicated from 519 to 515 B.C. (Unknown to Daniel, the restart of the building under Joshuah and Zerubbabel was only a matter of months away.)

The questionable conclusion that Cyaxares, the King in whose behalf Cyrus was supposed to be acting, is the true “Darius the Mede” is gendered by a faulty interpretation of Dan. 5:31. That is, that Dan. 5:31 gives Darius as the immediate successor of Belshazzar. (See below under “Other Evidence.)

Identification of the Darius mentioned here with Cyaxares II, a Median king, is based on conjecture. Only an assumption, with no historical evidence, links the name “Darius” with Cyaxares. In fact the very existence of Cyaxares II is in question! * Cyaxares II, who is conjectured to have commissioned Cyrus and therefore is thought to have succeeded Belshazzar by proxy, may have never existed.

He was placed in the Median dynastic record with only questionable evidence to support his existence because some Bible commentators thought he is needed between Belshazzar and Cyrus to make Dan. 5:31 understandable.

There is no historical evidence at all to support the idea that Cyrus was anything but sole king or that he shared the sovereignty with anyone. Herodotus gives a lengthy and detailed account of Cyrus’ overthrow of the Median king, Astyages, the supposed father of, the probably nonexistent, Cyaxares II. He details Cyrus’ birth by Astyages’ daughter. (Herodotus. I:92) (For parentage See Also)

He says plainly that Cyrus dethroned Astyages (I:73) and details the armed overthrow which was long before the fall of Babylon. He states plainly that Astyages had no son. (I:109) He says Astyages was kept after his defeat, until his death, in the court of Cyrus. (I:130) Herodotus gives the detailed history of all Median Kings from the first king Deioces, who begat Phraortes, who begat Cyaxares who begat Astyages, whose throne Cyrus took in a decisive battle.

Cyrus is said to have ruled as a Median king for 29 years, (I:215) however he only survived the fall of Babylon by 5 years. There is only poor evidence that any ruler ruled between the deposed Astyages and Cyrus. The insertion of Cyaxares II is not based on history but partly on a need to harmonize Dan. 5:31 which appears to say that Darius succeeded Belshazzar, while other scriptures and historical evidence make Cyrus the successor.

Bel and the Dragon This apocraphal book was written (probably in Greek, during the inter-testament period and is a part of the Greek Septuagint translation and the Theodotian version added to the Book of Daniel. It makes a historical testimony to the succession of Cyrus. The first verse is:
“When King Astyages was laid with his fathers, Cyrus the Persian received his kingdom.”
There is no mention of a pseudo Cyaxeres II between Cyrus and Astyages. Thus this book assumes that Cyrus succeeded Astyages which is correct. There is no Hebrew or Aramaic text of this apocraphal book added to the Old Testament canon.

One answer, but not the best, as to why Cyrus, Cambyses, and Pseudo-Smerdis who ruled between Belshazzar and Darius Hystaspis are left out in Dan. 5:31 is simple. Darius Hystaspis** is the actual historical dynastic successor. The reason that Cyrus and others up to Darius Hystaspis are omitted is because Cyrus established no dynasty. He had no hereditary successor.

A confusing period began posthaste after the demise of Belshazzar with the death of Cyrus following shortly, (within 5 years) and that was followed almost immediately by the death of his inept son, Cambyses, which was followed by the misrule of the usurper, the false Smerdis, who was overthrown by Darius.

In this light Dan. 5:31 makes sense, that is, that Belshazzar was followed by Darius as the first ruler who actually restored dynastic stability to the world order. The dynasty of Darius lasted until it was replaced by Alexander of Macedon.

Objection is also made that Darius, under whom the Temple was completed and dedicated, is called son of Hystaspis by Herodotus while here in Dan 9:1 he is called son of Ahasuerus. But Ahasuerus is a hereditary name, much like Pharaoh, and Hystaspis could easily have carried the title Ahasuerus by which his grandson (the great Xerxes son of Darius Hystaspis) was called. (See Esther 1:1) Even critics of this view agree that Darius Hystaspis was of royal lineage

The name, Darius the Mede, could easily have been ascribed by Daniel to Darius Hystaspis who was related to the Median royal family. In the same way Cyrus was born to a Median princess and raised in Media until he was about 12, yet he is called Cyrus the Persian. Beside “The Persian” Herodotus also calls Cyrus “King of the Medes.” (I:205)

Dan. 11:1-5 seems to say that there would be four kings from Darius the Mede to Alexander. Alexander must be the one meant in verse 4. It is difficult to harmonize this passage but it more readily fits the period from Darius Hystaspis to Alexander than from the supposed Cyaxares to Darius Hystaspis. The latter is the assumption of some earlier commentators.

Dan. 1:21 does not mean Daniel died in the first year of Cyrus but simply that he continued in Nebuchadnezzar’s dynastic government through the whole of the Babylonian period. He was still alive in the first year of Darius Hystaspis, when the Temple foundations still lay unbuilt upon.

The best answer lies in other evidence: In the Masoretic and Septuagint texts Dan. 5:31 is the first verse of chapter six. A reading of the text shows that this is the natural and correct division. Verse 31 therefore is not a completion of verse 30 which tells that Belshazzar died that night.

Verse 30 completes one narrative and verse 31 starts another. Darius is introduced as the leading character of the next narrative which is properly separated from the last and it is not meant that he “took the kingdom” the same night Belshazzar died.

“Took” the kingdom: The word “qibel” does not mean conquer or grab but should be translated “received.” It would ordinarily be used of one to whom the kingdom had been passed down. The original text does not intend the meaning that Darius “conquered” Babylon from Belshazzar.

That erroneous meaning is derived from misplacing verse 31, moving it from the beginning of chapter six to the place it now occupies in the English text.

120 Provinces into which Darius divided his kingdom refer more easily to Darius Hystaspis than to someone in Media who preceded Belshazzar or to the divisions in a single province made by Gobrius, a petty official appointed by Cyrus, as others propose. Any historically literate person recognizes that the 120 provinces speak of the Medo-Persian Empire after it was thus divided by Darius Hystaspis.

The Prayer: Internal evidence also points to Darius Hystaspis. The intensity of the prayer following indicates that he appeared after Cyrus, not before the expiration of the seventy years. Daniel would not have prayed so earnestly for God to do His part if the seventy years had not yet expired.

Other internal evidence makes it certain that he is the Darius who ascended the throne after Cyrus died; if so, with the interval of Cambyses and the usurper, false Smerdis, (see Herodotus Book 3:66-79) it would be almost twelve years after Daniel supposed the desolations of Jerusalem should have been accomplished that he prayed this prayer.

9:2 In the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem.
By books: Jeremiah 25:11, “This whole land shall be a desolation and an astonishment, and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.”

Daniel was taken captive in 606 B.C. and the decree by Cyrus, ending the captivity and sending the return under Zerubbabel, was in 536 accomplishing exactly 70 years.

This decree is found in both the last chapter of II Chronicles and the first chapter of Ezra. The frustration indicated in Daniel’s prayer is brought on because that date was, to him, in the past by up to twelve years and Jerusalem was still desolate.

Seventy Years: By Daniel’s reckoning it would be more like 85 years since the desolation began, thus his concern for God to do what he had promised and the search for cause in the sins of his people and himself. See note on verse 17 below.

9:3 And I set my face toward the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes:

9:4 And I prayed to the LORD my God, and made my confession, and said, O Lord, the great and dreadful God, keeping the covenant and mercy to them that love him, and to them that keep his commandments;

9:5 We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled, even by departing from your precepts and from your judgments:

9:6 Neither have we listened to your servants the prophets, which spoke in your name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land.

9:7 O Lord, righteousness belongs to you, but to us confusion of faces, as at this day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to all Israel, that are near, and that are far off, through all the countries where you have driven them, because of their trespass that they have trespassed against you.

9:8 O Lord, to us belongs confusion of face, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against you.

9:9 To the Lord our God belong mercies and forgiveness, though we have rebelled against him;

9:10 Neither have we obeyed the voice of the LORD our God, to walk in his laws, which he set before us by his servants the prophets.

9:11 Yes, all Israel have transgressed your law, even by departing, that they might not obey your voice; therefore the curse is poured upon us, and the oath that is written in the law of Moses the servant of God, because we have sinned against him.

9:12 And he has confirmed his words, which he spoke against us, and against our judges that judged us, by bringing upon us a great evil: for under the whole heaven has not been done as has been done upon Jerusalem.

9:13 As it is written in the law of Moses, all this evil is come upon us: yet made we not our prayer before the LORD our God, that we might turn from our iniquities, and understand your truth.

9:14 Therefore has the LORD watched upon the evil, and brought it upon us: for the LORD our God is righteous in all his works which he does: for we obeyed not his voice.

9:15 And now, O Lord our God, who has brought your people forth out of the land of Egypt with a mighty hand, and has gotten you renown, as at this day; we have sinned, we have done wickedly.

9:16 O Lord, according to all your righteousness, I beseech you, let your anger and your fury be turned away from your city Jerusalem, your holy mountain: because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and your people are become a reproach to all that are about us.

9:17 Now therefore, O our God, hear the prayer of your servant, and his supplications, and cause your face to shine upon your sanctuary that is desolate, for the Lord’s sake.

9:18 O my God, incline your ear, and hear; open your eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city which is called by your name: for we do not present our supplications before you for our righteousness, but for your great mercies.

9:19 O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for your own sake, O my God: for your city and your people are called by your name.

This prayer: This is probably the most insistent and pleading prayer in the whole Bible outside of Gethsemane.

To the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to all Israel, that are near, and that are far off, verse 7: There are those who insist on a Median Empire between the Babylonians and Persians. We have explained that the reason for this confusion is caused by trying to harmonize Daniel 5:30, 31 which seems to make an intermediate person, either Gobrius or Cyaxares II rather than Cyrus, the successor to Belshazzar.

Please note there would have been no men living in Judah nor would there have been “inhabitants of Jerusalem” if this prayer is dated at 538 B.C. which is two years before the decree of Cyrus.

Commentators knowing this work very hard at explaining differently what appears obvious, that is, that Daniel was praying for a city then inhabited but in very poor condition with a desolate sanctuary. This description would only be possible after the return from exile and preclude the need for another Darius to be invented.

Your sanctuary that is desolate, verse 17: The foundation of the second Temple was laid some two years after the initial return (see Ezra 3:8,ff), however the building was kept from being built and dedicated until some 21 years later in the sixth year of Darius.

It was not to be actually completed until the days of Ezra. He was sent to Jerusalem in 456 B.C. (some 80 years after the decree of Cyrus) and, with Nehemiah, accomplished the completion of the Temple and walls of the city.

Jerusalem and the Temple were in a very sad state, therefore, all the days of Daniel and beyond. Daniel was a youth of perhaps fourteen to sixteen in 606; He would have been about 86 at the time of the return in 536 and approximately 98 at the time of this vision if our identification of Darius is correct.

9:20 And while I was speaking, and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the LORD my God for the holy mountain of my God;

9:21 Yea, while I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation.

9:22 And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give you skill and understanding.

9:23 At the beginning of your supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to show you; for you are greatly beloved: therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision.

The vision come from the angel and does not originate with Daniel.

9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon your people and upon your holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.

Seventy weeks: 70 times 7 or 490 years.

This prophecy is a key to other time prophecies. A day equals a year in prophetic language. Thus this prophecy is to be accomplished in 490 years. Daniel’s prayer concerning the 70 years is answered; however the angel gave him details of the city beyond his request.

The things to be accomplished: The first three items, i.e., to end sin, to finish transgression, and make reconciliation for iniquity, must point to the cross. The next two point to the completion of the things to be revealed: that is, bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, i.e., the events that complete revelation in the New Testament; and finally the anointing points to the Messiah. These generally longed-for events, including the coming of the Messiah, are to be within the 490 years. More specific breakdown of the 490 years follows.

9:25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.

The commandment to restore Jerusalem: Which commandment? The commandment to Cyrus was in 536 B.C. Ezra was sent in 456 B.C. Usher places the decree to send Nehemiah at 448 B.C.

The sixty nine weeks:

This is one of the most incredible, yet clear, time prophecies in the Bible. 7 times 7 plus 62 times 7 equals 69 times 7, or 483 years.

There is one more week to complete the seventy described in the verses immediately below. The whole period of 490 years is thus divided: (7 X 7) + (62 X 7) + (1 X 7) = 490.

The 69 weeks bring you to the advent of the Messiah. It is not proper to separate the last week from the prophecy to a future date just as the first seven weeks are not to indicate a period unconnected with the 490 years. The violence this does to the prophecy is explained below.

This 69 week statement says that from the commandment to restore and build Jerusalem to the appearance of the Messiah will be 483 years. We choose the date from the decree to Ezra contemporary with Nehemiah the builder because this accomplished the spiritual return with the cleansing of the priesthood and because of the incredible fulfillment. From 456 B.C.

(the decree to Ezra) the 483 years will extend to 27 A.D. (456 + 27 = 483) Jesus was born 4 B.C. He would have been 1 in 3 B.C., 2 in 2 B.C., 3 in 1 B.C. and 27 years later in 27 A.D. he would have been 30 years old.

This is the exact year of his baptism when he was anointed, that is, when he became the Messiah. He did not become the Messiah when he was born.

He has always been the Son of God but he became the Messiah when he was anointed. This incredible prophecy numbers the exact time period from the most important commandment to restore Jerusalem to Jesus’ anointing by the Holy Spirit when he was baptized.

One day equals one year:

It is from this prophecy that the day-year principle is derived. One day in prophetic language is equal to one year in the fulfillment.

Troublous times:

The books of Ezra and Nehemiah record the long period of difficulties met in accomplishing the completion of the city. The 7 weeks or 49 years refer to this period beginning with 456 B.C. then the 62 weeks follow, or 434 years of waiting until the appearance of Messiah.

It is the accuracy of this time prophecy which has caused Talmudic Jews to place Daniel in the writings rather than the prophets in the Jewish division of the Old Testament.

9:26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and to the end of the war desolations are determined.

After: the 483 years of waiting–how long after is specified below. The important prediction is that Messiah will not be cut off for himself but will die for others. Quite a prophetic statement, isn’t it?

After – destroy the city: Here the future destruction of Jerusalem, after the Messiah has been cut off, is foretold, but not how long after. It extends beyond the period, and the exact time of the destruction of the city (end of the war, desolations, etc.) is not given in the prophecy.

We know the people of the prince (the Romans) did come and destroy the city and temple in 70 A.D. after the 483 years. The concept is that as a result of the cutting off of the Messiah the people of the prince will come to destroy the temple that has now been abandoned by God.

In that sense it was already desolate when Titus destroyed it in 70 A.D. Titus did not make it desolate; Jesus made it desolate.

9:27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

He shall confirm:

“He,” the Messiah will confirm the covenant. Not the prince who destroys the city. This latter is the violent method of interpretation offered by premillenial scholars. With their interpretation the prophecy ceases to be a 490 year prophecy, as the seventieth week is yet to come.

Incredibly they see the last seven years of the history of the world and Antichrist. But this is a 70 week prophecy, The last week refers to the seven years following 27 A.D., or it is not a 70 week prophecy.

Jesus confirmed the covenant: We would hope to find a fulfillment of the confirmation of the covenant that would extend not only to Pentecost but to the conversion of the Gentiles in Cornelius’ house.

It does not go so far; but 33 A.D. does encompass the conversion of the apostle Paul, the apostle to the Gentiles, and last apostle chosen to be in the foundation of the church; thus in prospect the confirmation of the covenant is complete.

The seventieth week:

Messiah came to bring and confirm a New Covenant. That confirmation would be accomplished in the seven years following Jesus’ baptism in 27 A.D. The rest of 27 then 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, would make 30 A.D., the midst of the week.

It is the year Messiah was cut off, but not for himself, as in verse 26, which is consequently when Jesus made the sacrifice and the oblation non effective. He caused it to cease in effectiveness.

Once Jesus died on the cross you can offer lambs by the millions and they have no validity — they are desolate. Jesus made the Temple worship desolate at the cross and it would remain desolate until that which was already determined was poured out later by the Romans on that which had already been made desolate by Jesus before they got there.

What remarkable coincidence in this wonderful 70 week prophecy. No human could have devised this before the events transpired. It is a faith-building prophecy.

Prophetic conclusions:

Besides the marvelous coincidence of the prophetic words in this chapter, one can note the following conclusions as well:

1. The premillenial interpretation is forced and does violence to the natural divisions in the prophecy. As in Daniel 2 the feet must be cut off the image and placed 1500 years away from the ankles, or the toes must be pictured as more than twice as long as the statue; (see diagram below) so here too, the final week must be separated from the rest of the fulfilled prophecy waiting, yet unfulfilled, how many more years beyond the now 1,900 plus already passed?

It is hardly a 70 week prophecy is it? Such a system of interpretation has to be wrong.

2. The validity of one day equals one year in prophetic symbolism is established.***

3. The 1260 days, 42 months, 3 1/2 years, time, times and half a time of Daniel and Revelation all refer not to a literal 3 and 1/2 years but to 1,260 years. Other time prophecies in Revelation are to be understood the same way. That is, one day in prophecy equals one year in the fulfillment.

* Cyaxares II may be the product of Xenophon’s imagination (c. 350 B.C.). He is known to have fictionalized his exploits among the Persians. Cyaxares II appears in no other ancient histories except those after Xenophon. All who believe that Cyaxares II is the Darius of Dan. 5:31 quote Xenophon and reject Herodotus (c. 475 B.C.).
** For a more thorough discussion of all theories of who this Darius might be, see Barnes Notes on Daniel, introduction to chapter VI. Barnes comes to a different conclusion using extensive but conjectural evidence.

*** The so called, 2300 day prophecy of Daniel 8 is excluded from this method as the word “day” is not used in the Hebrew text. The period is 2300 mornings and evenings, not days.

The KJV use of “day” caused many to predict future events erroneously, particularly the Millerites of the late 1800s out of whom the Seventh Day Adventist group arose due to the false use of the 2300 “day” prophecy. For more on the 2300 Day Prophecy, see the chapter by that name in this book.

Premillenial Interpretations do Violence to the Prophecy

The following diagram illustrates the way that some interpreters force the scripture into their interpretation instead of diagramming the scripture and fitting the interpretation to the scripture.

Such a forced interpretation as that illustrated below could not be done by our Omniscient God, He would not create a freak to represent what is real. Imagine a god who said that “History will look like a statue” and then to match the interpretation you have to draw toes as long as the rest of the statue.

Such a statue has to lie on his side because he can not stand on such deformed feet. Since premillenial scholars know that the division of the Roman Empire into 10 kingdoms took place about 500 years after the advent of Jesus of Nazareth and they err in not believing “the little stone” has hit the image in the feet as yet, then they are forced to draw toes that are 1500 years long.

The diagram is not actually proportionate however since an honest picture of the toes make them 1 and 1/3 times longer that the complete standing image. The rest of the statue is proportionate to the time periods that each symbolic portion predicted. Surely God did not predict history represented by a freak statue.

The Plan and Design of the Revelation of Jesus! Part 1


The following book which I will post one chapter at a time has helped me to no end to understand Gods plan in the last days.

The Plan and Design of Revelation

All works by Fred P Miller Copyright 1999. All rights reserved
This Commentary is for sale in hard cover. Description and review here.

  The view taken here:

There are many schemes of interpretation of the Book of Revelation but only three can be thought of as major methods. The position taken in this book is that most of the symbols in Revelation have been fulfilled as historical epochs through which the Church has lived and survived. There is therefore in this book a parallel historical event linked to the symbols of Revelation. This is called the Historical Method.
The writer believes this to be the one and only correct method of interpreting the book and gives valid reasons why other methods are not in harmony with the purpose of the Holy Spirit in the design and plan of the book..
This book is available for you to study at will. Please ask permission before copying for reproducion in multiples. A hard cover version is available of these files. If you would like a copy for your library it can be bought for 50% less than the cover price. The same is true for the commentary on Zechariah. A paper bound book is available of these files A course of study with 21 lessons is also available.

Chapter 1.
The Plan and Design of Revelation
This book should be read from the first page to the last to get the most out of it. Since it is a book based on historical fulfillment, it is essential to follow the historical development.
 The Book of Revelation is also a book whose understanding is cumulative, that is, when you learn something it is possible to build more on the base. Some things, however, will not be understood if the foundation for them has not been laid.
We recommend therefore that you read from the beginning to the end for the greatest benefit.
Commentaries are not often read from beginning to end, and the scholar may want to pick and choose. Often someone will pick up a book on Revelation only to see what method is being followed.
If it is not the one to which he has already been exposed, he may put it aside as a book that he does not agree with, and thereby miss a great blessing.
On the other hand, we have read many books on Revelation, and, surprisingly, there is a blessing for the one reading, when the purpose of the writer is to unlock the mystery of the will of God, even when his system is not clearly discernable.
However, we are not setting forth with an uncertain tiller or a wobbly compass. Not that this author has special endowments, but rather, this book is based on a line of interpreters stretching over many generations.
These former voyagers over the centuries have assessed their past, charted their position, and pointed the way forward. By them, the direction that we are taking is clearly marked and the destination is well in view.
We have a vision of the truths that are in the Book of Revelation –they will be clearly unfolded. We invite you to start the voyage and stay with it until the mists have rolled away.
Study in history and in the Book of Revelation led me to what I had thought were some startling conclusions which were made public as early as 1966.
Those conclusions caused me to make some predictions that within a short span of time, about 35 to 50 years, Russia would undergo changes that would transform her anti-Christian perspective to one of, at the least, not being an enemy of the Christian religion. At that time that did not look possible in the near future.
At that point I saw a revival of the Christian faith coming into Russia, centered in a movement in the Ukraine that would engulf Russia and spread from there to the nations. This prediction, made publicly in 1966 for the first time, has been expressed numerous times in seminars in the USA and England.
The scriptural, prophetic and historical basis behind that prediction, and the fallout of thought derived from this is part of the subject of this book.
Some political predictions that were made at that time have been borne out or are in the process of coming to pass. One major projection was that there would be an end to nationalism in Europe.
More startling in that time frame (1966) was the prediction that Ethiopia would become an openly hostile Marxist state and that Iran would join the Soviets in anti-western influence. This was impossible to foresee under the Shah, and some of my early listeners asked in disbelief, “How could that happen when Iran is so pro-USA?”
A similar anti-West stance was forecast for Libya but at that time, admittedly, I was not sure whether Libya should be considered as the present state or black Africa as the classical historians used the name.
The Second Coming of Christ is not Imminent
Another startling conclusion that I came to in that period was that the second coming of Christ was not imminent. This was based on the conclusions from prophecy that these above-mentioned events needed to unfold before the plan of God was complete.
Those who predicted the return of the Lord at any moment had not the foggiest notion of the times and seasons that the apostle Paul spoke about in Thessalonians. I have not predicted the time of the second coming; I have said as did Paul that that day will not come until certain events happen.
 It was my conclusion, from 1966 onward, that one, but not the only, event which must happen in our lifetime is that Russia must cease to be an enemy of the church of Christ before the way can be clear for the second coming.
There are other historical events as well but the overthrow of Russian, official, anti-Christian activity is to be cataclysmic, either physically (a great disaster) or spiritually (a great revival).
The second coming of Christ is after that event which will take place in historical time. Perhaps His coming may be sooner than I think (at least 300 or so years) but no sooner than the events that are predicted and outlined in this book come to pass.
In some evangelical circles the concept of the imminent return is something sacred, and to express the belief in a non-imminent return is just short of heretical. Significantly, the section of this book which deals with what the church fathers of the first three to five centuries said about the second coming indicates that they did not think it imminent in their time.
Their major premise was that the Roman Empire had to pass away before the second coming of Christ. They were correct in reading the future on both counts, i.e. the Roman Empire, thought to be eternal, would pass the way of all flesh, and the second coming was after that event, as well as after the disappearance of the last vestige of Roman authority seized by the predicted entity who would seize the power of God and man.
What power, still existing but in greatly reduced influence, entered the vacuum of authority left by the fallen Roman Empire and seized the power of both God and men for well over 1000 years, is apparent for all to see. It, too, must pass before the second coming of Christ.
This book presents the proposition that there will be an historical period without the presence of the Papal system before the great day comes.
There are a great number of commentaries on the book of Revelation. More than enough to keep a student occupied for many days exploring the different schemes of interpretation. For this reason I have hesitated for many years to write a book on Revelation since so many others have done so.
 I have been urged by many to do so but my reply has been that almost all I would write has already been written by authors who have been recognized as established scholars.
However, I have gleaned some insight that is unique to my own study and not in print anywhere else.
Those portions are the justification for writing this book. The most important contribution that I have to make is to be found in the exposition of the pouring out of the seven bowls of wrath in chapter nine of this book.
That is probably the most important chapter in this book as it contains the most faith building material. The chapter collates a number of writers through the centuries and notices what they saw in the immediate and distant future concerning world events. Their collective insight is little less than incredible.
The chapter also contains my own attempts in seeing, in outline form, the next one hundred years of world history. That chapter is the highlight of this book.
There is a second portion that deserves mention as worthwhile found in chapter two of this book. The exposition of Daniel chapters two and seven and Revelation thirteen deserves to be read.
 The chapter contains quotations from a number of Ante-Nicene Fathers relating to what they thought the future would be, based on Daniel’s and John’s prophecies. Some unique thinking that may add to the collective thought of believers through the centuries is to be found there.
Thirdly, in the appendix, the essay on the “2300 Day” prophecy in the eighth chapter of Daniel contains what surely is the proper exposition of that chapter. I have not seen it in print in any of the most eminent commentaries.
If it is not the unique solution to that prophecy, it so clearly and accurately opens the prophecy that it deserves a place in accessible Christian literature. In the appendix you will also find an exposition of the ninth chapter of Daniel. The conclusion there is unusually valuable.
Because of the great number of different commentaries on Revelation that have been written, it has seemed to me a little presumptuous to add another one. However, as explained already, there are a few things that are unique to my own insight and these form the justification for writing. But it does not seem wise to write a complete commentary or explanation of every relevant item.
Just enough has been written to establish credibility in the areas where we can refer to other more complete and extensive works. I would recommend that they be read. Recommended works are noted in the text and a bibliography appears at the end of this document for that purpose.*
*Foremost among the many historical interpreters to be recommended is Albert Barnes, Barnes Notes on The New Testament, usually available from Christian book stalls. His style is not surpassed. Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, publishes Barnes Notes on Revelation in a single volume.
The Time of the Publication of Revelation
Victorinus of Petau, one of the Ante-Nicene fathers, (he was martyred in the persecution under Diocletian) also made a commentary on the book of Revelation in the late third century. He held the view that the thirteenth chapter of Revelation pictures Rome as the first beast.
He mistakenly ascribes the seven heads to emperors living just before and at the time of John’s writing. This “mistake” is helpful in dating the book. His comment on Rev 17:10:
“The time must be understood in which the Apocalypse was published, since then reigned Caesar Domitian; …One remains under whom the Apocalypse was written — Domitian, to wit.”
There is no reason to suspect Victorinus of an historical mistake! Living as close as he did to the period and his life overlapping those of others who commented on the Revelation just before him, assures us that this date is correct. This understanding is attributed to earlier writers who handed it down to Victorinus.
“Dionysius Barsalibi states that Hippolytus, like Irenaeus, holds the Apocalypse to have been written by John the Evangelist under Domitian. (Gwynn; Hermathena vii. p. 137)”
(Lightfoot, J.B. ed.; Apostolic Fathers; Pub: Hendrickson, 1989. vol. 1, pg. 394.)
Eusebius is known as the Father of Church History. He was contemporary with Constantine. In his work, he quotes Irenaeus’ Book V where Irenaeus was speaking of the Book of Revelation. Irenaeus, born about 135, overlaps the lives of those who would have seen the apostle John. In the following quotation Irenaeus is speaking of the relatively recent time of the writing of Revelation. He says:
“For it was not seen a long time back, but almost in my own lifetime, at the end of Domitian’s reign.”
(Eusebius Book V, 8:9)
Irenaeus was born barely thirty five years after Domitian and the publishing of Revelation. Hippolytus wrote about the year 200 A.D. and was a pupil of Irenaeus.* Lightfoot’s discussion of the date includes the fact that Polycarp, the martyred disciple of the Apostle John, was intimate with Irenaeus.
The source of Irenaeus’ information on the writing of Revelation is obvious. There is, therefore, a direct line of actual teacher-disciple relationship among these men, direct from the Apostle John with only one person between John and Irenaeus. Those who insist on an earlier date must reject this, the only documentary evidence there is, in place of their own speculation and opinion.
* See Lightfoot; Apostolic Fathers Part One; Clement, Vol. 2, pg. 383.
There is no reason to doubt the authorship of Revelation and the time of its publication in the reign of Domitian. Domitian was killed in the year 96.
The Historical Method of Interpretation Is Followed
Of the variety of methods of interpretation there are three into which most commentaries on Revelation can be classified.
 Finding the right one of these to proceed with requires some prerequisites — the most important of which is a belief in the inspiration by God through John of the prophetic material and faith in the integrity of the book, that is, that it was written about 96 A.D. and describes a vision the prophet actually saw.
There are only three schemes of interpretation that deserve attention. One scheme deserves attention only because it won’t go away but ought to: that is the preterist view.
Any scheme of interpretation that does not see the book as predicting things that are future from the time of Emperor Domitian is not in harmony with the internal intention of the writer of Revelation and should on that account be discarded.
This historical method of interpreting Revelation was followed by most scholars until fairly recently. The currently popular doctrine of a pre-tribulation rapture only gained this position within the last 150 years.
 It arose amidst a fervor of hope regarding the return of Jews to Palestine. The Zionists have actually recognized this as a positive force among Protestants toward their aims and an assistance to the establishment of the present state of Israel. In a semi-official Israeli history of Zionism this doctrine is recognized and described
“Among Protestants… the belief that Jews should return to the Holy Land, in accordance with biblical prophecies, became popular among pietistic Protestants… It was based on the millenarian concept which held, on the basis of a literal interpretation of apocalyptic prophecies, that the second coming of Jesus was at hand and that he would rule from Jerusalem for 1,000 years (the millennium).
The millenarians not only anticipated the return of the Jews to their land but also their conversion to Christianity as important conditions and “signs of the times” prior to the second coming.
“[Proponents of these ideas] requested heads of state to take political measures in order to obtain rights for the Jews to settle in the Holy Land. Their activity remained without any practical results until the nineteenth century…when essential changes took place in the… motivation of Christians who supported the return of the Jews to the Holy Land.
Some of the new sects which arose placed this belief at the center of their theology as the fulfillment of the escatological prophecies which would bring on the end of days and the millennium. In 1830 the Plymouth Brethren were founded in England by John N. Darby (1800-82)* whose doctrine of dispensationalist premillenialism asserted that all the biblical prophecies relate to the return of the Jewish people to its homeland prior to the Advent.

Before the second coming the Jews and all the other nations will be judged during a period of tribulation, after which Jesus and the Jewish remnant will rule over all the nations from Jerusalem. Many Protestant Fundamentalist churches adopted this outlook and continue to promote it to this day.”
*Emphasis mine.
** Kressel, Getzel (and at least nineteen other contributing writers); Zionism; Keter Publs., Jerusalem, Israel, 1973. pg. 232

It goes without saying that Zionists look kindly upon this doctrine among Protestants. Premillenial doctrine (predicting only the last seven years of this age’s history) has become so popular that Christians are currently unaware that a different means of interpreting Revelation was most popular for most of the centuries of the Christian age.
The historical method of interpreting Revelation was the only method known to interpreters for centuries! The transition, which also gave rise to indefiniteness as a convenient way of avoiding controversy, is described in a popular commentary published in 1910, in which the historical view’s age and influence is also rehearsed.
“The “Continuous Historical theory regards the book as giving a continuous history of the church from the first century to the end of the age. Among the leaders of this method of interpretation are Luther, Bengel, Isaac Newton, Elliott, Alford, Barnes, Grattan, Guiness. From the thirteenth century until recently this theory has had almost universal sway.”
Eaches, O.P.; Clarks’ People’s Commentary, Revelation; Philadephia, 1910. pg. xxvi.
Today, however, the historical view is a minority view due mainly to the popularity of premillenialism but also to lack of definiteness. Illustrating this transition, this above mentioned commentary is filled with pious platitudes as though the book of Revelation was a kind of visionary book of Proverbs instead of a book of prophecies of future events, which it claims to be.
A Book Predicting Future Events
The book opens with the words that it is the Revelation of Jesus Christ which God gave to him relating to “things which must shortly come to pass.” Whatever else one sees in those words they mean that much of what follows must be of events in the future of the time that John heard and saw the revelatory symbols.
 Some think that it may mean that all the events predicted by the symbols in the book will be fulfilled in a short period of time. The most popular scheme applies most of the events to the last seven years of the history of this age. Another view (to which I adhere) is that the symbols in Revelation are shortly (after the book was written) to begin to be fulfilled.
That is that the symbolism is sequentially fulfilled beginning with the first seal being opened in chapter six. This first seal represents the period of history just after John wrote, and each symbol follows on the heels of the last, or overlaps the last, as an epoch of history. The first of the sequence is to shortly begin to come to pass — not come to pass in a short time, but to begin shortly — and then follow to picture all of history from that event to the end of that which God has in mind.
Any scheme that implies that John is speaking in a kind of code language about events that are purely contemporary to him, or just before his time, is against the intent of the book and should not be regarded with the same respect due to a believer. If academic respect is due to such a scheme, then it is only due to an unbelieving system in what the book itself says of itself.
For instance John is told in Chapter one verse nineteen to write the things that he has already seen, and the things that are, and the things that shall be hereafter. Obviously some of the material is past, some contemporary, and some is to be future. Again we see that any attempt to interpret the book which rejects the predictory nature of the book from John’s time is not in harmony with the scheme of the book.
Chapter 1:19 is the outline of the book.
That is: 1. what you have seen — the recent past;
2. the things that are — the present;
3. the things which must be hereafter — the future.
In Rev 4:1 the author is addressed by an angelic voice which invites him to “come up here and I will show you things which must be hereafter.”
A reading of the first part of the book will show that the things past are the visions of chapter one while the “things that are” refer to the letters to the seven churches. where events describing what actually was happening in the churches at that time, are outlined.
Or perhaps what is described is the condition of the churches in any period. They are perpetually “the things that are.”
There can be little doubt that the writer of the book expects us to foresee the future through the symbols beginning with the opening of the book with seven seals. Those and what follows are “things that must be hereafter.”
That is, “hereafter” to John’s time, not necessarily ours.
The scheme of interpretation which accepts the above mentioned truths of inspiration and integrity must see the prophetic material in the book as predictory from the time of 96 A.D. If the scheme does not, it is not in harmony with the stated intent of the book itself.
The Historical or Historical Parallel View is Followed
One of the two systems of interpretation which the design of the book would allow is the historical view.
This view parallels events of history, beginning with the period shortly after Domitian, with the symbolic visions and then proceeds through history sequentially.
It then finds a sequential historical parallel for each of seven seals, followed by seven more symbols of seven trumpets, each predicting an epoch through which the church will live and remain triumphant, and following then to seven bowls of wrath, the end of which is the consummation of that which is predicted by the vision. I accept that this is the correct scheme of interpretation to the exclusion of others.
The Futurist View
The other system, which though rejected here, is, none the less, in harmony with this basic intent of the book. That is, that the visions are future from John’s time.
That system is unashamedly connected with the doctrine of the second advent called Pre-Millenialism. Generally the Futurist scheme sees none of the symbols fulfilled as yet and expects that all will be fulfilled in a short space of time (seven years) just before the second coming.
There are flaws in this system of interpretation based on clear mistakes* in Matthew 24; and Daniel 2, 7, and 9. These are treated in the text and in the appendix.

* We see this system as one that makes religious mistakes but as a system that attempts to honor Christ and is not in the same class as an unbelieving, or even an indefinite, system.
Sequential not Concurrent
The three groups of symbols (Seals, Trumpets, and Bowls) are to be interpreted sequentially. That is, they are to follow from the first to the last one after the other in time. The design of the book confirms this. The view that sees the symbols being fulfilled concurrently does not observe the scheme and design of the prophecy.
Schemes which see the book as cyclical, that is each age having its own interpretation for it, are in a similar category, as is the preterist view which interprets the book as though most of the material refers to the time of Nero and the persecutions which followed.
The concurrent scheme asserts that the three systems of seven periods, (seals, trumpets, and vials), are concurrent and thus all the “ones” are grouped together and determined to predict the same period in history, then all the “twos,” and so on.
That this is not the design is seen by noting that the concurrent scheme admits some sequence. That is, that two comes after one and five comes after four and six comes before seven. That seems simple enough but please follow this thinking to the conclusion. It means that the seventh seal is after the sixth (and those preceding) in time. And since (as we will show next) the seventh seal contains all of the seven trumpets, then all the trumpets must be after the first six seals in time.
 That is the design of the book.
See in Rev. 8:1, ff:
8:1 And when he had opened the seventh seal there was silence in heaven for about the space of half an hour.
Silence: probably because of the awe produced by what they saw in the seventh seal. And what did they see? They saw seven trumpets.
8:2 And I saw the seven angels which stood before God, and seven trumpets were given to them.
The rest of chapter eight contains the sounding of the first four trumpets which predict calamities falling on earth, sea, rivers, and lights, on one third of the earth, in that sequence. Then a clue to the sequence is given.
8:13 And I heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, Woe, Woe, Woe, to the inhabitors of the earth by reason of the other voices of the trumpet of the three angels that are yet to sound!
Trumpets five, six, and seven are therefore woe trumpets. Trumpets five and six are verified as such upon their conclusions. At the conclusion of the fifth trumpet:
9:12 The first woe is past, behold, There are two woes yet to come. 9:13 And the sixth angel sounded …
The end of the second woe (the sixth trumpet) comes at the close of the four figures of the religious interlude showing that they come to pass during the time and before the end of the sixth trumpet. In chapter eleven after the vision of the two witnesses and the great earthquake which happen at the same time, (“the same hour”) the second woe ends.
11:14 The second woe is past; behold, the third woe comes quickly. 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying The kingdoms of this world have become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ and he shall reign for ever and ever.
The seventh trumpet is again called a woe trumpet or “the third woe.” But verse fifteen contains no woe, rather, great blessing, as does the rest of the description of the seventh trumpet except for a few words in the last sentence. These, however, are clues to where the woes of the seventh woe trumpet are to be found.
As the seventh seal contains the seven trumpets, and the trumpets must therefore be designed to follow after all the first six seals in time, then the design of the book continues, showing the seventh trumpet contains all of the seven bowls of woe.
 Therefore, as comprising the seventh trumpet, the seven bowls of woe must all be after the first six trumpets. They cannot therefore be considered as concurrent with them. The scheme of the book is to understand the symbols in sequence of order and of time.
To repeat, the first six seals are opened, followed by a religious interval, followed in time by opening the seventh seal which contains seven trumpets. The seventh seal is the seven trumpets! Then the first six trumpets are sounded. They close with the interval of the trumpets. The seventh trumpet is a woe trumpet.
The woes are found in chapter 16 under the bowls but according to the scheme of the book they are the seventh trumpet, and if not, then there is no third woe trumpet! Thus, to repeat again, in time, the first six seals are opened sequentially, i.e “after this I saw, etc.” and then the seventh seal is opened introducing seven trumpets, all of which are after the first six seals since they are in the seventh seal.
 Then six of the trumpets are sounded and the seventh follows (immediately) after the sixth. The seventh woe trumpet contains the seven woes. Therefore the bowls of woe can not be concurrent with the other families of symbols, i.e. seals and trumpets, because comprising the seventh trumpet they are after the first six trumpets.
I feel constrained as I labor this obvious point.
But it is necessary to repeat the obvious, because seeing the book out of sequence and the symbols as running concurrently is now, (but has not always been,) the most popular way of interpreting the book. Yet it is obviously not in harmony with the way the Author of the book designed it.
You will notice here that we are not saying what the symbols mean, but how the book is designed.
If you know nothing of the design and order (and there is design and order) of the book, how could you possibly interpret it? It is true! If you do not take into consideration the design and order of the book then you cannot have a proper beginning, development or conclusion to your scheme of interpretation.
 God Almighty designed the order of this book, and He warns you not to handle it improperly.
Why are the Woes in Chapter 16?
There is a separation of the Bowls from the Trumpets, which they must follow, by over four chapters.
Answer: There is a new entity which has been introduced for the first time in the book in chapter eleven: the beast.
11:7 And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascends out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them and kill them.
No reference to this beast has been made in the book up to this place. Because the beast plays a very important part in the rest of the book and because all the bowls of woe are to be poured out on him or things related to him, he must therefore be identified.
Chapter 12 begins a new section showing the church under the symbol of the woman fleeing into the wilderness.
12:3 And there appeared another great wonder in heaven; and behold, a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads.
The dragon is the devil but he is directing the power of a seven-headed, ten-horned beast. That beast is further identified in chapter thirteen as a threefold entity and great detail is given to his identity.
In chapters fourteen and fifteen it is made clear that the beast of chapter thirteen is to be visited with all of the last seven woes.
Therefore the reason that the Woes are separated in the book from the seventh trumpet, with which they synchronize, is to identify clearly the beast on whom all seven bowls are to be poured.
 Also chapters fourteen and fifteen are similar to chapters four and five in intent. They build up the reader to the importance and climax of what is coming in the bowls in chapter sixteen.
Chapters seventeen to nineteen are supplemental visions related to the seven last plagues in chapter sixteen. Chapter seventeen is a fuller description of the beast, primarily under the symbol of Babylon, but the threefold nature of the beast mentioned in the seventh bowl is more completely revealed.
 Chapter eighteen is completely given to the event of the fall of Babylon. The fall of Babylon is announced first in Rev. 14:8 as coming soon in the seven plagues. The time in the sequence of the fall of Babylon is given as being a part of the seventh bowl in Rev. 16:19.
Thus, chapter eighteen is a supplement, to be fitted into the outline of symbols at that point. Chapter nineteen has two visions, both of which fit into the scheme at the close of Armageddon. The first is the triumph and victory supper of the Lamb, and the other is the end of the beast and false prophet.
 These synchronize with Rev. 16:16 and Ezek. 39:17-21 and Rev. 20:9. Chapter twenty is a review of the panorama of the Gospel age.

America in prophecy? Yes! But is America in Grave Trouble?

America in Bible Prophecy?
by Steve Wohlberg
Hours before George W. Bush beat John Kerry on November 2, 2004, an Associated Press article declared:
World Sees Huge Stake in U.S. Election – People outside the United States could only watch, wait and vent as Americans lined up to vote Tuesday in an election that provoked an extraordinary degree of emotional involvement beyond U.S. borders. Not just leaders and news media, but ordinary people were riveted by the contest between President Bush and John Kerry, convinced that a world roiled by the U.S.-led occupation of Iraq, the war on terrorism, and cultural and religious conflict had a huge stake in the outcome…At the heart of the matter is a belief that in an era of globalization, when American decisions affect hundreds of millions around the globe, the election is not a domestic U.S. issue…‘A day that will decide the fate of the world,’ read a banner headline in Britain’s Independent…‘Why shouldn’t the Italians vote for the elections, too?’ said screenwriter Michele Cogo in Rome. ‘The planet’s destiny is decided in large part by America.’ (1)
“A day that will decide the fate of the world” “The planet’s destiny is decided in large part by America”–these aren’t minor sentences. What happens in Washington DC affects the globe. In this light we inquire: Is America mentioned in Bible prophecy, or has God’s Word overlooked the world’s only superpower?
Many prophecy writers emphatically state we’re not there. They see the US fading into oblivion under a supposedly future New World Order dominated by the United Nations. In this article I want to give you something different to think about. I want to suggest the possibility that America is the exact power specifically mentioned in this mysterious verse:
Then I saw another beast coming up out of the earth, and he had two horns like a lamb and spoke like a dragon (Revelation 13:11).
Allow me to build my case. First, what is a “beast”? Answer: A great nation. The proof’s in Daniel 7–a chapter that clearly parallels Revelation 13. Both chapters talk about beasts, ten horns, a mouth speaking great things, and war on the saints (see Daniel 7:3-8,21 and Revelation 13:1-7).
Daniel 7 describes four beasts: the lion, bear, leopard and dragon-like beast. An angelic interpreter confirmed:
The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom on earth (Daniel 7:23). we can nail this down: According to Scripture, a beast isn’t a computer or super-evil person, but a kingdom. That’s what the angel said. Historically, 98% of Christian scholars have interpreted Daniel’s four beasts to represent the ancient nations of Babylon, Persia, Greece, and Rome.
Back to Revelation 13:11:
I saw another beast coming out of the earth.
Thus John saw a great nation rising. From where? “Out of the earth.” Daniel’s beasts all rose from the sea (see Daniel 7:3-7). Water in prophecy represents multitudes of people. Another angel confirmed:
The waters which you saw, where the harlot sits, are peoples, multitudes, nations and tongues (Revelation 17:15).
Babylon, Persia, Greece and Rome all rose from the midst of a sea of peoples in Europe and the Middle East. Not so with the beast in Revelation 13:11–it comes from the earth. This points to a great nation rising out of a sparsely inhabited area.
I saw another beast coming out of the earth, and he had two horns like a lamb (Revelation 13:11).
Thus we have a new nation, with Christian features, rising out of a sparsely inhabited area, with a government without kingly power. word is significant. The true Lamb is Jesus Christ. “Like a lamb,” indicates this nation would have lamb-like or Christian features. A lamb is a young animal, a baby sheep. Thus this nation would at one time be youthful and new. Significantly, its “two horns” have no crowns like the first beast in Revelation 13:2. Crowns represent kingly power. Thus we have a new nation, with Christian features, rising out of a sparsely inhabited area, with a government without kingly power. Are the pieces coming together yet?
Here’s the shocker: Revelation 13 also reveals that this exact nation will finally achieve superpower status during the last moments of time, make a major mistake, and lead out in the global enforcement of the mark of the beast. God’s Word reports:
And he [the lamb-like beast] causes [he resorts to force] all [his power becomes global], both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand or in their forehead, that no man might buy or sell [the world’s economy is involved] except the one who has the mark (Revelation 13:16,17).
These verses parallel the last part of Revelation 13:11 describing the final, tragic act of the lamb-like beast–“he spoke like a dragon.” Let’s put all the pieces together:
  1. Revelation 13:11 predicts the rising of a great beast.
  2. In prophecy, a beast represents a great nation.
  3. This nation comes out of the earth, or wilderness area.
  4. This nation starts out young, like a baby lamb.
  5. This nation is lamb-like, with Christian characteristics.
  6. This nation has horns with no crowns–it has no kings.
  7. This nation achieves superpower status near the end of time.
  8. This nation influences the world’s economy.
  9. This nation finally speaks like a dragon.
  10. This nation finally enforces the mark of the first beast in Revelation 13:2. honest: How many nations on Planet Earth fit each of these clear, unquestionable, Heaven-inspired details? Only one.
The United States of America.
God has blessed America. Yet prophecy predicts major changes will someday envelop our beloved country and our eyes should be wide open to even now discern the proverbial writing on the wall. May the Lord prepare us for future events. Above all, may we each have a strong relationship with the true Lamb, Jesus Christ, and reject the dragon’s voice.
Things are 8 years beyond this teaching and the New world of todays is even closer to this clear teaching above….think about that for a moment!Thus we have a new nation, with Christian features, rising out of a sparsely inhabited area, with a government without kingly power.
World Views
How do you view the world?
America’s Godly Heritage
What children are not taught and how historical revisionists are influencing culture.
The Separation of Church and State
A new, humanistic America where our children will be protected from outmoded Christian ideas and will enjoy freedom “from” religion
Religion Czar
Our privacy has been invaded by big government – big business tracking and databasing of our medical records, employment records, education records, driving records, financial records….etc. Now they want to monitor our religion.
Americans Go To War for Their Schools
Despite media smear campaigns against them, Middle American parents are waging a valiant political battle against left-wing elites and their bizarre ideological indoctrination programs in the public schools.
Christians in Politics
American politics is not any longer about Democrats, Republicans, or Independents … It’s not a fight between the Liberal Left and the Christian Right … It is all about what America is.
Religious Cleansing
Why are liberals so afraid of Jesus?
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Justice Redefined

What happens to ethics as we distance ourselves further from the restraining influence of law?
The Politics of Hate
One of the more powerful tools in the hands of those waging war against Christianity is “Hate.”
Terrorism in America
Which Is It?
The Feminist Movement
Who are these women and what motivates them?
The Impact of Feminism on the Family
Since marriage constitutes slavery for women, it is clear that the women’s movement must concentrate on attacking marriage.
Seven Major Teachings of the New Age
Why is the New Age Movement so dangerous?
National Endowment for the Arts
Elevating garbage to art.

“Winning The Cultural War”

by Charlton Heston

Signs of the Last Days
Are we now living in the ‘Last Days’? What are the signs?
Revival or Apostasy
What will the Lord find when He returns?

Current Signs of the End of The World [Age]

We are living in the time of the end. The fast-fulfilling signs of the times declare that the coming of Christ is near at hand. The days in which we live are solemn and important. The Spirit of God is gradually but surely being withdrawn from the earth. Plagues and judgments are already falling upon the despisers of the grace of God. The calamities by land and sea, the unsettled state of society, the alarms of war, are portentous. They forecast approaching events of the greatest magnitude. Great changes are soon to take place in our world, and the final movements will be rapid ones.
U.S. Monetary Control to Increase (Revelation 13:17)
NY Fed chief urges global bank framework (June 8, 2008)
Liberty Threatened (Rev. 13:11-17)
Freedom of Speech on Radio Under Attack (11-4-2008)
ACLU: Military skirting law to spy (4-2-2008)
34 States Align Against National ID Card(2-7-2008)
New Movement by PFAW to reverse invasion of Privacy (1-24-2008)
Privacy is being extinguished in country after country (12-30-2007)
The war on our civil liberties is actually begun (4-17-2006)
Microsoft now invades PC’s without consent (9-13-2007)
Spy Satellite use on USA GREATLY Expanded (8-15-2007)
New Law – Gov’t Can Now Eavesdrop Without Warrants! (8-5-2007)
Judge Criticizes Warrantless Wiretaps (6-23-2007)
Gingrich attacks Constitution to “protect” society
First Ammendment Could Be Under Attack Soon!
National yawn as our rights evaporate*** There is a new effort to restore Habeous Corpus (6-19-2007) For more information please read the article ‘National yawn as our rights evaporate’ above.
Church and State – The Return of the Dark Ages (John 18:36, Rev. 17:1-6)
Invasion USA (4-18-2008)
Religion plays a big role in politics in the United States (12-23-2007)
Blue Law Special
Christians ask if force is needed to protect their religious values
Maybe ‘blue laws’ weren’t so bad
Church and State – Around the World
Roman Catholic Church Pressures Croatia (7-15-2008)
Disasters (Luke 21:25-27)
Villagers fight off animals in flood-hit South Asia
Typhoon death toll may be ‘thousands’
Wars and Violence (Mark 13:7-10, 2 Tim 3:1-7, Rev. 7:1-4, Rev. 11:18)
FBI says violent crime increasing
Violent Game Effects Linger in Brain
Arab world… on the brink of exploding
Prophecies for the Wise Only (see Daniel 12:10)
“The trades unions will be one of the agencies that will bring upon this earth a time of trouble such as has not been since the world began.”–Letter 200, 1903. Unions likely to increase in size and power soon (11-4-2008)
End of the World are living in a period of time that is of overwhelming interest to all. Political leaders and legislators, men and women who hold positions of trust and authority, thinking men and women of all classes, have their attention focused upon the events taking place around us. People are watching the strained, restless relations that exist between countries. Thousands observe the intensity that is taking possession of every earthly element, and they realize that something great and decisive is about to happen–it appears that the world is on the verge of its most tremendous crisis.
Even with all the signs that are taking place, there are many people who scoff at the idea that this world will come to and end. There is even popular song, “It’s The End Of The World As We Know It (And I Feel Fine)”, by REM, that mocks at the idea of the end of the world and being prepared for it.
The Bible gives us the truth about what is really happening, it says that Angels are even now restraining the winds of strife, that they may not blow until the world shall be warned of its coming doom. But there is a storm is gathering, ready to burst upon the earth; and when God shall tell His angels loose the winds, there will be a scene of strife that no pen can picture.
The Bible, and the Bible only, gives us the correct view of these things. In it are revealed the great and final scenes of the history of our world. The events taking place today are a precursor to the final events which even by their approach cause the earth to tremble and men’s hearts to fail them for fear.
“Behold, the Lord maketh the earth empty, and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof. . . . They have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant.
End of the World Prophecy #1
“And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come. ” Matthew 24:14 great protestant reformation was helped by the development of the printing press, finally people could have a copy of the holy scriptures and read the Bible for themselves in their own language. Today, in our time, the everlasting Gospel is being preached around the world via Radio, Television, Internet, DVD’s, CD’s, Missionaries, and more.
End of the World Prophecy #2
“And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,
Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.
And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.
And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive [his] mark in his forehead, or in his hand,
The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: ” Revelation 14:6-10
The gospel message that is to go through out the world at the very close of earth’s history contains the strongest warnings ever given to man. These warning messages are being given around the world today, they can be found in Revelation 14:6-10. You can learn more about these warnings here:
End of the World Prophecy #3“But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, [even] to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.” Daniel 12:4
This prophecy refers to the fact that at the time of the end many people will understand the prophecies in the books of Daniel and Revelation. Today many people do have a greater understanding of these prophetic books especially since most of the prophecies have already been fulfilled. For more information please visit the website:
End of the World Bible Prophecy #4
“Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as [they were] from the beginning of the creation.” 2 Peter 3:3-4
Even though the end of the world signs are being fulfilled on every hand multitudes of people scoff at the Bible and the idea that the end of the world as we know it is just about here.
End of the World Signs #5
The United States Federal Government says that disasters are increasing both in magnatude and frequency.  This is exactly what the Bible predictions said would happen.“And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring; Men’s hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken.” Luke 21:25-26
Signs have been occuring one after the other, people are truly afraid, and the governments and politicians are at a loss for what to do about all of the problems. Yet at the same time multitudes are saying that everything has gone on as it always has. But this is not true, even the director of FEMA, James Lee Witt, has said that weather related disasters have been increasing.“Natural Disasters are getting more frequent and more severe, Federal Emergency Management Agency Director James Lee Witt said Tuesday, preaching a gospel of preparation and prevention for Americans.” by Associated Press Writer Randolph E. Schmid on Wednesday May 24-2000.
End of the World Bible Prophecy #6
“This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come. For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good, Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God; Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.” 2 Timothy 3:1-5
Wickedness abounds, even in the largest ‘professedly’ Christian churches.
End of the World Bible Prophecy #7 – History & Prophecy
“Thus saith the Lord God; Remove the diadem, and take off the crown: . . . exalt him that is low, and abase him that is high. I will overturn, overturn, overturn, it: and it shall be no more, until He come whose right it is; and I will give it Him.” Ezekiel 21:26, 27.
The final overthrow of all earthly dominions is plainly foretold in the word of truth. In the above prophecy the sentence from God was pronounced upon the last king of Israel.
The crown was removed from Israel and passed successively to the kingdoms of Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome. God says, “It shall be no more, until He come whose right it is; and I will give it Him.” Learn who will be the next world leader.
End of the World Bible Predictions #8-18
“And as he sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world?
And Jesus answered and said unto them, Take heed that no man deceive you.
For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many.
And ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars: see that ye be not troubled: for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet.
For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places.
All these are the beginning of sorrows. shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name’s sake.
And then shall many be offended, and shall betray one another, and shall hate one another.
And many false prophets shall rise, and shall deceive many.
And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold.
But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved.
And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.
When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)” Matthew 24:3-15
Last Days Prophecy #19
“Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as [they were] from the beginning of the creation. this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water:
Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished:
But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.” 2 Peter 3:3-7
The Bible predicted that even though God has left us abundance evidence of the world wide flood during Noah’s day, people would be “willingly ingnorant” of that it happened. They are also ignorant of the fact that God’s great love for us has caused Him to grant us a little more time to repent of our sins before He destroys sinners off of the earth the second time.
“The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.
[Seeing] then [that] all these things shall be dissolved, what manner [of persons] ought ye to be in [all] holy conversation and godliness, 2 Peter 3:9-10
End of the World Bible Prophecy #20 do the beasts groan! the herds of cattle are perplexed, because they have no pasture; yea, the flocks of sheep are made desolate. O LORD, to thee will I cry: for the fire hath devoured the pastures of the wilderness, and the flame hath burned all the trees of the field. The beasts of the field cry also unto thee: for the rivers of waters are dried up, and the fire hath devoured the pastures of the wilderness.” Joel 1:18-20
Droughts and Fires are predicted for the last days! For evidence of fullfillment see your local newspaper.
Who are the movers and shakers of this New World Order and what is their agenda?
The Illuminati
Skull & Bones Society
The Bilderbergers
The Trilateral Commission
The Council
on Foreign Relations
The United Nations
The Club of Rome
Department of Homeland Security
More New World Order Information
Jeremiah Project: Great Links to find out more about the hard times to come! trashing of America has reached new heights with the affirmation in all three branches of the United States government of everything that pulls down a nation and a denial of everything that makes a nation great. [i.e. God, Prayer, The Bible.]
The great Russian writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn once wrote this warning,
To destroy a people you must first sever their roots.
None are more enslaved than those who falsely believe they are free.” – Goethe

Philosophical Roots of Change
How did we get to where we’re at?